Knowing your skin type ensures you can tackle skin concerns, help prevent breakouts and get the best out of your products. But knowing where you fit in the spectrum of types, can be hard to work out. So, we’ve created a simply guide to help you identify the characteristics of your skin type.

The characteristics of your skin is likely to fall in one of 5 categories. However, there are a number of factors that influence a change in your skin’s behaviour. This includes seasonal change, hormonal change, heating and cooling systems and pollution. Therefore, this isn’t a hard and fast rule and is worth reviewing from time to time, especially if you have a noticeable change.

Characteristics of Dry Skin

dry skin type

If you have dry skin, and most of us do go through a spell, you’ll likely notice that your skin feels taught and it may be scaly, cracking, itchy and peeling. These are some of the obvious signs, but did you know that fine lines can also be an indication of dry skin? When our skin isn’t optimally hydrated, it can actually make the skin look older.

If you have dry skin, you’ll need to ensure that your products can help combat this. A hydrating moisturiser is a step in the right direction, but you may want to look at changing your cleanser too; anything that strips the skin of its natural oils will only exacerbate the condition.

You’ll want your cleanser to remove makeup but at the same time keep your hydration levels, a cream or liquid cleanser generally works best. It’s also worth adding a hydrating serum or cream to your night time routine to allow it to work deep into the skin as you sleep. Finally, make sure you exfoliate a couple of times a week to help smooth the skin out and slough away dead skin cells. Just make sure you follow up with a moisturiser when finished.

Characteristics of ‘Normal’ Skin

Everyone wants to have normal skin, it’s what we strive for. Normal skin is a perfect balance of hydration, small pores, there is a nice smooth texture and there is minimal blemishes and oil present- though you may still have a bit around the t-zone.

To help maintain a normal skin type, you don’t want to over wash it or use too many products. A gentle cleanser always works best and avoid using thick day or night creams but consider working a serum deep into the skin. Additionally, keep it protected from heat sources and always, always wear sunscreen.

Characteristics of Oily Skin

oily skin type

If your skin feels oily, looks persistently shiny or you have constant breakouts, you’ll likely be within the oily skin type. Pores for oily skin are usually larger and if they become clogged with skin cells and bacteria, this can lead to blackheads, whiteheads and potentially acne.

You want to be careful not to strip your skin of all its oil, otherwise you’ll go from one extreme to the other. However, you want to ensure that you exfoliate regularly to keep your pores clear and clean. A routine that includes an exfoliating cleanser and toner is best. But just because your skin is oily means you can opt away from including a moisturiser. If you have a good cleansing routine, you’ll still need that protective boost. Just go for something really light that has a good SPF in it.

Characteristics of Combination Skin

Most people will have combination skin. This is where you’re likely to experience an excessively oily t-zone (chin, nose and forehead) and some dry patches elsewhere, namely your cheeks.

This can seem one of the most difficult skin types to manage but it doesn’t have to be.

First and foremost, you want to keep your skin clear of impurities. A gentle cleanser that is free from perfume, soap and oil is your best bet. Exfoliating twice a week is also great for combination skin as it’ll help clear your pores and slough away dead skin cells to reveal brighter, fresher skin. Follow your routine with a light moisturiser- anything that is oil free and doesn’t promote intense hydration is your best bet.

Characteristics of Sensitive Skin

If you have sensitive skin, you could experience burning, itching, sore and red skin that may also feel quite rough to the touch.

The simplest way of caring for sensitive skin is to opt for products that only uses natural ingredients. Anything with perfume, chemical, dyes or alcohol in could cause irritation and a flare up in your symptoms. Cream based products (for cleanser and moisturiser) can be soothing for sensitive skin types, but just be sure they don’t have any additives. For this skin type, always wear SPF too as the sun can exacerbate your skin.

We hope this helps simplify the process of determining which skin type you come under and how, in simplest terms, you’re able to care for your skin too.

Why not try our facial massage technique alongside your routine to help shift toxins that lie under the skin, which can also help with congestion, tone and will immediately help to boost your complexion.

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